Updating satellite orbit data
Only minor corrections are anticipated at this phase in the SORCE/TIM mission.To date the TIM has shown lower degradation than any other flight TSI instrument, and long-term relative uncertainties are estimated to be less than 0.014 W/m^2/yr (10 ppm/yr). The spacecraft, fitted with Ku-band and Ka-band transponders, will be India’s heaviest communications satellite.
25: Adding Zhuque 1/Weilai 1; Adding date and time for Long March 2C/CFOSAT; Soyuz/Progress 71P delayed; Adding date for Long March 3B/Beidou; Adding date for Soyuz/Glonass; Adding Long March/Beidou; Adding time for Falcon 9/Spaceflight SSO-A; Soyuz/Egypt Sat-A delayed; Adding Long March 2D/Saudi Sat 5A & 5B; Long March 5/Shijian 20 delayed; Vega/PRISMA delayed; Adding approximate date for Long March 3B/Chang’e 4; Soyuz/CSG 1 & CHEOPS delayed; Adding Soyuz/CSO 1; Soyuz 57S moved forward; Adding Proton/Blagovest No. [A Space X Falcon 9 rocket will launch with Spaceflight’s SSO-A rideshare mission, a stack of satellites heading into sun-synchronous polar orbit. The mission will be conducted under contract to NASA’s Venture Class Launch Services Program, carrying 10 Cube Sats to orbit for NASA field centers and U. The two spacecraft will assist the Russian government in disaster response, mapping and forest fire detection.It is updated annually as new TIM data are available or as improved historical reconstructions are created.Changes to TSI reconstructions may be expected for two reasons: 1) The 2013 IPCC AR5 report used input solar forcing from the CMIP5, which is largely based on a prior version of the NRLTSI model.The H-2A will also launch the Khalifa Sat Earth-imaging satellite for the United Arab Emirates and several other secondary payloads. 27]An air-launched Northrop Grumman Pegasus XL rocket will deploy NASA’s Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON) satellite into orbit. A Curie upper stage will place the satellites into the proper orbit. [A Space X Falcon Heavy rocket will launch the Arabsat 6A communications satellite for Arabsat of Saudi Arabia. The orbiter is designed to use on-board propulsion to reach the moon, then release the lander and rover. PRISMA is an Earth observation satellite fitted with an innovative electro-optical instrument, combining a hyperspectral sensor with a medium-resolution panchromatic camera. Consisting of three radar Earth observation spacecraft launching on a single rocket, the Radarsat Constellation Mission is the next in a series of Canadian Radarsat satellites supporting all-weather maritime surveillance, disaster management and ecosystem monitoring for the Canadian government and international users. [An Arianespace Soyuz rocket will launch on a mission from the Guiana Space Center in South America. 6]A Russian government Soyuz rocket will launch the crewed Soyuz spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the next Expedition crew.ICON will study the ionosphere, a region of Earth’s upper atmosphere where terrestrial weather meets space weather. Arabsat 6A will provide Ku-band and Ka-band communications coverage over the Middle East and North Africa regions, as well as a footprint in South Africa. [A United Launch Alliance Delta 4 rocket will launch the 10th Wideband Global SATCOM spacecraft, formerly known as the Wideband Gapfiller Satellite. The rocket will fly in the Medium (5,4) configuration with four solid rocket boosters. Chandrayaan 2 was originally slated to launch on a GSLV Mk.2 vehicle, but Indian officials decided to switch to a larger GSLV Mk.3 vehicle in 2018. The mission will support environmental monitoring and security applications. [A Space X Falcon 9 rocket will launch the 19th Dragon spacecraft mission on its 17th operational cargo delivery flight to the International Space Station. The Soyuz will carry the first 10 satellites into orbit for One Web, which is developing constellation of hundreds of satellites in low Earth orbit for low-latency broadband communications. 21]An Arianespace Soyuz rocket will launch on a mission from the Guiana Space Center in South America. 11]A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket, designated AV-080, will launch Boeing’s first CST-100 Starliner spacecraft on an unpiloted Orbital Test Flight to the International Space Station. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the residents. See our Launch Log for a listing of completed space missions since 2004. 26: Adding time for Falcon 9/Es’hail 2; Falcon 9/Space X CRS 16 delayed Oct. The flight is being conducted under the Commercial Resupply Services contract with NASA. [A Rocket Lab Electron rocket will launch on its fourth flight from a facility on the Mahia Peninsula on New Zealand’s North Island. [A Russian government Soyuz rocket will launch the Kanopus-V 5 and 6 Earth observation satellites. Please send any corrections, additions or updates by e-mail to: [email protected] [A Space X Falcon 9 rocket will launch the 18th Dragon spacecraft mission on its 16th operational cargo delivery flight to the International Space Station. The Soyuz 2-1b (Soyuz ST-B) rocket will use a Fregat upper stage. 13L communications satellite to cover Russian territory and provide high-speed Internet, television and radio broadcast, and voice and video conferencing services for Russian domestic and military users.At-Earth values are also included for climate researchers to use as inputs to models. One contains the daily means and the other containing the four 6-hourly means.Due to the small size ( On-orbit instrument characterization is an on-going effort, as the TIM team regularly tracks instrument degradation and calibrates the instrument servo system on-orbit, periodically updating the data processing system with new calibration values.Of the NRLTSI2 and the SATIRE models, the NRLTSI2 reconstruction best matches the SORCE/TIM measurements as neither show the secular downward trend in TSI over the last three solar cycles that the SATIRE model (and thus the CMIP6) does. Historical-TSI reconstructions based on this revised record suggest significant changes prior to 1885, which affect both the NRLTSI2 and the SATIRE reconstructions.(See Kopp, Krivova, Lean, and Wu, 2016) Download the ASCII Text File The Total Irradiance Monitor (TIM) measures the total solar irradiance (TSI), monitoring the incident radiant energy powering the Earth’s climate system.